Food security in ethiopia

For instance, we help Ethiopia boost its emergency logistics preparedness through establishing humanitarian staging areas, supporting the Ethiopian Maritime Affairs Authority to reduce port congestion, and strengthening the road transport sector in cooperation with Federal Road Transport Authority.

High child mortality, impaired immune system, and the results of stunting due to inadequate diet, which include delayed mental development and intellectual capacity and decreased performance in school, have long-term effects, not only for those children but for economic productivity as a whole.

As we look ahead at global food security planning for the next century, Ethiopia is an important example of how leaders in government and other sectors can successfully align their food systems planning.

The programme provides food and cash to vulnerable people during the lean season in exchange for work in managing natural resources and creating basic social infrastructures such as roads, schools and clinics. Fighting an uphill battle against the challenges of food insecurity; climate; and systemic gaps in the quality of infrastructure, education, capital finance, and nutrition, Ethiopia has successfully brought the percentage of its population living in extreme poverty as defined by the World Bank from 55 percent in to Current statistics[ edit ] According to an early report, 5.

The most highly publicized example of this iswhen Ethiopia experienced one of its worst droughts in recent history and hundreds of thousands of people one million people is the estimate most often cited died or became destitute due to the famine that ensued.

Food for Peace Contributions: Poor households in settlements for internally displaced persons IDPs face Crisis IPC 3 -level acute food insecurity and most resident households in this area will face Stressed IPC 2 acute food insecurity outcomes, though some households will also face Crisis outcomes.

Looking ahead, we must understand that, for global challenges as complex as food security, there will never be a silver-bullet solution. Especially among the poverty-stricken rural population, the livelihood of most Ethiopians depends on agriculture.

Most of the epicenters use drip irrigation, two use roof water collection and one is waiting for a pump irrigation system to be fixed.

Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Ethiopia

Funded by a consortium of more than 10 governments and international agencies such as the World Bank, this program is a testament to the power of international partnership to change the facts on the ground.

Various countries are now adopting pieces of this model for implementation in their own nations. Support for smallholder farmers Through the Purchase for Progress programme, WFP buys food for its programmes from local smallholder farmers. Global Learning from Commodity Exchange Experiences" and hosted the first Africa commodity exchange meeting, which included representatives from twelve other African countries.

This approach is by no means easy, and building effective public-private partnerships across sectors and continents takes time. And to put it in perspective, in the United States had enough food supplies to support more than 3, kcals per capita. Storing food in the food bank not only allows partners to wait to sell it until the market is better and they are able to receive a better price for it, but also provides a buffer against famine and unexpected food shortages.

In order to fulfill these goals in Ethiopia, in the United Nations Development Programme UNDP developed the Food Security and Recovery Project, which is intended to run from January to December and to "contribute to the achievement of food security in the country including disaster risk management and early recovery capacities.

Capacity building WFP works with the Government on logistic capacity-building activities. The group convened last summer in Morocco, and is preparing to continue the deliberations in Rome and China in the coming months, to develop an action plan for its members.

We also support selected refugee households with livelihood activities such as vegetable gardening and poultry farming. Despite overall high needs in the country, food security and nutrition conditions have improved in the worst-affected areas of southeastern Somali Region thanks to the above-average seasonal rainfall, sustained humanitarian assistance and a decline in disease outbreaks.

To address low smallholder farmer productivity, Ethiopia has also invested in agricultural research and development particularly improved seed varieties and breeds, and farming practicestimely access to and use of high-quality inputs such as fertilizers, seedand expanded knowledge dissemination networks to smallholder farmers.

The first goal is to "eradicate extreme poverty and hunger", and the fourth is to "reduce child mortality rate", in which preventing malnutrition in mothers and children is integral. Therefore, the value in stepping back to build a coherent, data-driven, and clear-eyed strategy, based on country-level innovations, could not be more evident.

The Agricultural Growth Program AGP was designed to target high-potential districts and, in an attempt to "increase resilience to climate variability and promote jobs and small business development", it is supposed to increase the participation of Ethiopians themselves, mostly farmers, women, and children, in defining specifically what support they need to achieve these goals.

The main crops grown in Ethiopia are maize, teff, sorghum, barley, enste, pulses, palm oil and wheat. Nutrition WFP provides nutrition assistance, particularly in emergency settings, to 1. We also work to prevent stunting through our Fresh Food Vouchers, which help children to eat a diverse and healthy diet.

With the creation of the Ethiopia Commodity Exchange, farmers also have access to real-time price information, which lessens the traditional problem of price asymmetry.

Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Ethiopia Map of Ethiopia July 25, Situation Prolonged and severe drought infollowed by heavy seasonal rainfall and flooding in earlyhas left many families facing severe food insecurity.

Agriculture and Food Security

All of the epicenters have partners that raise cows, pigs, goats, sheep, chicken, and grasscutters, and all but one keep bees — The Hunger Project-Ethiopia says that a very integrated farming approach is traditional in Ethiopia, and is also sustainable and very climate resilient.

Given the fragile nature of most rural communities emerging from traditional livelihoods, and the recurrence of droughts and more unpredictable weather patterns, Ethiopia has invested in the resiliency of its farming communities.

Five of the epicenters distribute fertilizer, and five also have revolving loan funds and Food security in ethiopia stores. This group of global leaders from across sectors is tackling the challenge of scaling ground-level solutions by identifying high-potential areas for action—in particular the coordination of market-based approaches, alignment of food security with other prioritized agendas, and best practices communication.

Enemore and Jaldu Epicenters have bread ovens, these are the only two epicenters with food processing equipment, but this equipment allows epicenter partners to transform their crops into something that can be sold for more value at the market. All of the epicenters in Ethiopia have food banks, with an average capacity among them of 88, kilograms.

That means enough food for another small meal for everyone in Ethiopia. Ethiopia also hosts more thanrefugees from neighboring countries, includingSouth Sudanese refugees.

FFP also provides resources to WFP for local and regional procurement of cereals, pulses and specialized nutrition products. Having this kind of organization is instrumental in improving the livelihoods of the partners, as it gives them more bargaining power and control over prices at market.

The worsening food security situation is attributed primarily to poor rainfall last year during the February—May and June—October seasons.Ethiopia has made important development gains over the past two decades, reducing poverty and expanding investments in basic social services.

However, food insecurity and under-nutrition still hinder economic it ranked out of in the UNDP Human Development Report. Food security is defined, according to the World Food Summit ofas existing "when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life".

This commonly refers to people having "physical and economic access" to food that meets both their nutritional needs and food preferences. Today, Ethiopia faces high levels of food insecurity. Food security programs such as agricultural training and food banks sustain the nutritional needs of communities through all seasons and any unforeseen environmental challenges.

All of the epicenters in Ethiopia have food banks, with an average capacity among them of 88, kilograms. Storing food. food insecurity in Ethiopia can be divided into two groups: the ‘physical ecology cluster’, who focus on population growth, declining soil fertility and drought, and the ‘political economy cluster’, who blame government policies, weak markets and institutional.

Khalid Bomba is the CEO of Ethiopia’s Agricultural Transformation Agency. Dan Glickman is executive director of the Aspen Institute’s Congressional Program and was formerly the US Secretary of Agriculture. They are both members of the Aspen Institute Food Security Strategy Group.

How conservation agriculture is helping Ethiopian farmers become more than subsistence farmers - In Hawassa Zuria district, Yohannes Gudeta, a year-old maize farmer, has been applying the SIMLESA-promoted CA-based practices for the past 8 years.

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