In the case of qualitative research studies, it is also useful to tell the reader which research tradition the study utilizes and to link the choice of methodological strategies with the research goals [ 3 ]. Describe the sampling strategy Describe the intervention if applicable Identify the main study variables Describe data collection instruments and procedures Outline analysis methods Report on data collection and recruitment response rates, etc.
Key assertions should be referenced, as well as the methods and instruments used. A paper usually goes through several drafts before it is submitted. If you avoid all those, your paper should be in good shape. References should be used wisely.
All results that relate to the research question should be given in detail, including simple counts and percentages. When revising a paper, it is useful to keep an eye out for the most common mistakes Table 2. Resist Structuring research paper temptation to demonstrate analytic ability and the richness of the dataset by providing numerous tables of non-essential results.
The Results section is typically fairly straightforward and factual. Structured Discussion sections have been proposed by some journal editors [ 4 ]. Present key findings with respect to the central research question Present secondary findings secondary outcomes, subgroup analyses, etc. Discussion State the main findings of the study Discuss the main results with reference to previous research Discuss policy and practice implications of the results Analyse the strengths and limitations of the study Offer perspectives for future work View Large The Methods section should provide the readers with sufficient detail about the study methods to be able to reproduce the study if so desired.
The basics Having the structure of the paper in place is a good start. Describe participants demographic, clinical condition, etc. Also, references to unpublished work, to documents in the grey literature technical reportsor to any source that the reader will have difficulty finding or understanding should be avoided.
Table 2 Common mistakes seen in manuscripts submitted to this journal The research question is not specified The stated aim of the paper is tautological e.
The study setting, the sampling strategy used, instruments, data collection methods, and analysis strategies should be described.
The Discussion section allows the most freedom. This is why the Discussion is the most difficult to write, and is often the weakest part of a paper.
However, unless the paper is a comprehensive review of a topic, there is no need to be exhaustive. Thus, this section should be specific, concrete, technical, and fairly detailed. Another concerns non-native writers of English: However, there are many details that have to be attended to while writing.
While strict adherence to such rules may not be necessary, following a plan such as that proposed in Table 1 may help the novice writer stay on track.Structure of a Research Paper The structure of a research paper might seem quite stiff, but it serves a purpose: It will help find information you are looking for easily and also help structure your thoughts and communication.
Writing papers in college requires that you come up with sophisticated, complex, and even creative ways of structuring your ideas.
Accordingly, there are. HOW TO WRITE AN EFFECTIVE RESEARCH PAPER • Getting ready with data • First draft • Structure of a scientific paper • Selecting a journal • Submission. Structure of the paper.
Once the research question is clearly defined, writing the paper becomes considerably easier. The paper will ask the question, then answer it. The key to successful scientific writing is getting the structure of the paper right.
The basic structure of a typical research paper is the sequence of Introduction, Methods. For many students, writing the introduction is the first part of the process, setting down the direction of the paper and laying out exactly what the research paper is trying to achieve.
For others, the introduction is the last thing written, acting as a.
The structure of a research paper is critical for readers to understand the story behind the research study. Authors should follow these tips to improve their paper structure.Download